This book is a researched work on the technical and popular meaning and understanding of Dharma from the early Brahmanic, Buddhist, and Jain perspectives. The early portion describes the evolution of the meaning of Dharma as various traditions encountered with one another at different stages. They portray the twin-trend of the ancient Indian culture, namely, Sramanic and Brahmanic trends of thought. For clarity’s sake, the author then presents the specific understanding of the meaning of Dharma from the above three religious and philosophical traditions. Special attention is given to Jain tradition. The Book also covers the technical meanings(s) of the term Dharma, compares and contrasts them between traditions. The later portion studies the contemporary relevance of Dharma as a vision and way of life, with a focus on the phenomenon of Violence and Non-violence, its myth and reality.